Removal of Diseased and Impacted Teeth, and Anesthesia:
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons remove impacted, damaged, and non-restorable teeth. They also provide sophisticated, safe, and effective anesthesia services in their office including intravenous (IV) sedation and general anesthesia.
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons, in close collaboration with restorative dentists, help plan and then place implants used to replace missing teeth. They can also reconstruct bone in places needing bone for implant placement and modify gingival (gum) tissue surrounding implant when necessary to make teeth placed on implants look even more natural.
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons care for facial injuries by repairing routine and complex facial skin lacerations (cuts), setting fractured jaw and facial bones, reconnecting severed nerves and ducts, and treating other injuries. These procedures include care of oral tissues, the jaws, cheek and nasal bones, the forehead and scalp, the eye sockets, and the soft/hard tissue of the neck.
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons manage patient with benign and malignant cysts and tumors of the oral and facial regions. Severe infections of the oral cavity, salivary glands, jaws, and neck are also treated.
Reconstructive and Cosmetic Surgery:
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons correct jaw, facial bone and soft tissue problems left as the result of previous trauma or removal of pathology. This surgery to restore form and function often includes moving skin, bones, nerves, and other tissue from other parts of the body to reconstruct the jaws and face. These same skills are also used when oral and maxillofacial surgeons perform cosmetic procedures for improvement of problems due to unwanted facial features or aging.
Facial Pain Including Temporomandibular Joint Disorders:
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons possess skills in the diagnosis and treatment of facial pain disorders including those due to temporomandibular (TMJ) problems.
Surgical Management of the Complex Airway:
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons are skilled in the surgical management of patients with a complex airway. Various conditions can predispose individuals to airway compromise necessitating immediate surgical intervention. These can include deep neck space infection, epiglottitis, foreign body obstruction, neck trauma, and congenital defects of the neck and airway. The most common surgical interventions performed include tracheotomy and cricothyroidotomy.
Correction of Dentofacial Deformities and Birth Defects:
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons, usually in conjunction with an orthodontist, surgically reconstruct and realign the upper and lower jaws into proper dental and facial relationships to provide improved biting function and facial appearance. They also surgically correct birth defects of the face and skull including cleft lip/palate and premature fusion of the cranial sutures (craniosynostosis).
Correction of Snoring and Sleep Apnea:
Oral & maxillofacial surgeons, usually in conjunction with an orthodontist and sleep medicine specialist, provide surgical management of snoring and sleep apnea for patients who are poorly responsive to conservative treatment. These treatments include surgery to the uvula and soft palate, surgery of the nasal turbinates and surrounding nasopharynx, tongue debunking surgery, hyoid suspension, genioglossus advancement, and/or advancement of the upper and lower jaws.